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reliefweb - 28 days ago

Congo: Republic of the Congo: Food Assistance Fact Sheet - March 25, 2019

Source: US Agency for International Development Country: Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, United States of America
High levels of poverty and malnutrition persist in the Republic of the Congo (ROC), despite recent economic growth. Low domestic food production covers approximately 30 percent of the country’s food needs. SITUATION • Conflicts in neighboring Central African Republic (CAR) and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) have led to an influx of people into remote areas of north and east ROC, where host communities already face food shortages and limited livelihood opportunities. • Intercommunal conflict in western DRC in December 2018 prompted more than 11,000 people to seek shelter across the river in ROC’s Plateaux Department, leaving behind most of their assets. In northeast ROC’s Likouala Department, an estimated 15,000 refugees from CAR are sheltering in refugee camps and host communities, as of November 2018. According to the UN World Food Program (WFP), refugees remain dependent on humanitarian assistance due to limited livelihood opportunities, lack of prospects for return and limited means to purchase food. • The disarmament, demobilization and reintegration process in southern ROC’s Pool Department began in August 2018, after the cessation of the 2016-2017 conflict that displaced approximately 90,000. Vulnerable populations continue to recover in the however, malnutrition remains a concern. According to WFP, 10 percent of displaced children and 12 percent of host community children suffer from acute malnutrition in Pool’s Kindamba District. The UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) reports that an estimated 74,000 children across the country will suffer from severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in 2019. *The Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) is a standardized tool that aims to classify the severity and magnitude of acute food insecurity. The IPC scale, which is comparable across countries, ranges from Minimal (IPC 1) to Famine (IPC 5). RESPONSE • With support from USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (FFP), WFP is providing life-saving cash transfers for food and in-kind food assistance to vulnerable displaced, returnee and host community members. • In Pool Department, WFP is conducting cash- or food-for-asset activities to assist returning households in conflict-affected dis through these activities, WFP provides either cash transfers or in-kind food assistance to households in exchange for a household member helping to construct or rehabilitate community assets, such as roads and irrigation systems. • FFP partners with UNICEF to provide specialized nutrition products to treat SAM in children younger than 5 years of age through community management of acute malnutrition.


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